Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said Friday afternoon that the most recent monthly gauge of the U.S. labor market fit into an overall picture of a healthy jobs market and economy.
In a question-and-answer session in Zurich, Powell said the outlook for the economy remains favorable, describing the future as one likely to reflect continued moderate economic expansion.
Powell said the central bank is “not forecasting or expecting, a recession.”
“Incoming data for the U.S. suggests that the most likely outlook for the U.S. is still moderate growth, a strong labor market, and inflation continuing to move back up,” he said.
Repeating his message from Jackson Hole, Wyoming, Powell said there are “significant” downside risks facing the economy and said the Fed is going to monitor all these factors.
In one comment that some watchers could interpret as dovish, or accommodative, Powell said the Fed was worried about inflation getting too low, suggesting that the central bank may act to bolster stubbornly low inflation.
Once low inflation takes hold “you seem to get on this road that is hard to get off of, and we’re trying not to get on that road and defend our 2% inflation target,” Powell said.
Asked specifically about possible interest-rate cuts, Powell said he only wanted to say that the Fed “would act as appropriate to sustain the expansion.”
Powell is the last public Fed speaker ahead of the Sept. 17-18 interest-rate setting meeting.
Wall Street is pricing in a greater than 90% chance that the rate-setting Federal Open Market Committee will trim its benchmark interest rate by a quarter-percentage point following its Sept. 17-18 meeting, according to CME Group data based on federal-funds futures.
Stocks traded modestly higher as Powell discussed the state of the global economy and domestic monetary policy, with the U.S. in its 11th year of a history-setting expansion. The S&P 500 index SPX, +0.17% and the Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA, +0.30% were both up by at least 0.2%.
‘We make policy for all Americans, regardless of political party.’
Powell said he hasn’t regretted becoming the leader of U.S. central bank, responding to a question that appeared to be a loosely veiled reference to constant attacks the Fed chairman has endured from President Donald Trump who nominated him.
Trump has persistently criticized Powell, saying, as recently as Friday morning that he questioned his decision to pick the 66-year-old former lawyer and private-equity investor. Unlike most Fed chiefs, Powell is not a trained economist. “Where did I find this guy Jerome,” the president said via Twitter.
Powell repeated that the Fed makes its decisions in a nonpolitical manner.
Powell said any suggestion the central bank should play politics is “simply wrong.” That is a possible reference to a controversial essay by former top Fed official William Dudley, who postulated that the Fed might consider Trump’s reelection prospects when making policy.
“We make policy for all Americans, regardless of political party,” he said.